Managerialism, Governance And Education In Time Of Economic Recession
Lagos State University.
In the last decades, managerialism has become an important subject in developed and developing countries. Its significance has increased in response to economic, institutional and ideological changes Over the past decades, countries have implemented new managerialism to increase the efficiency and to enhance the effectiveness and performance of public organisations. These reforms have also taken place in higher education, more or less to achieve the same objectives. New managerialism represents the organisational arm of neoliberalism. It is the mode of governance designed to realize the neoliberal project through The ethos of ‘new managerialism’ is stripping public
services of moral and ethical values and replacing them with the market language of costs, efficiencies, profits and competition. Anything which is not easily quantified becomes undervalued or abandoned. The ultimate purpose
of new managerial reforms is to ensure that higher institutions are run at reduced costs, thereby reducing the cost of public services to capital (Lynch, 2013; 2014).
There is no doubt, education is a key factor in a nation’s efforts to develop a highly skilled workforce to compete in the global economy. The restructuring of education systems has involved a significant shift away from an emphasis on administration and policy to an emphasis on management. Educational institutions have during the last decades been subjected to many reforms, encouraged by the emergence of the knowledge society, economic crises, increased competition, and demographic evolutions (Dobbins, Knill & Vögtle, 2011).The challenge of how best to achieve efficiency in education management is a recurring theme in the public discourse, and all the more so as well as in its capacity to measure the improvement of government effectiveness and as a response to criticisms of the costly public sector.